Telework was a modality that practiced only 5% of wage workers in our country but which, because of the pandemic and during the last three months of confinement, has risen to 40% of the working population. With the declaration of the state of alarm, many companies have been in the position of establishing this modality, which has led to workers improve their digital skills. But look, telework is not a new invention, in the services sector, millions of professionals and employees have been developing it for a few years, and increasingly, to execute some of the tasks that they would develop under normal conditions in their company.
We have fiber optics, powerful devices with HD cameras this should make it easier for us to work by videoconference (unless it involves a deal or physical activities). This has uncovered a big issue: The need for good access to data at various points in the home.
But are all the homes ready for telework? The vast majority don't.
Quality video conferencing
Applications such as Zoom, Houseparty, Hangouts and Skype have had an unusual increase in downloads due to coronavirus quarantine. Until now, and except for specific cases, few gave real use to video calls or video conferences. Now with the pandemía many have discovered that in their homes and offices the connections leave a lot to be desired. Why isn't the experience behind a video call what we expect? The key is usually in bandwidth. When the connection is made by wifi or PLC repeater we may lack bandwidth,which explains the "pixelation" in the image, cuts, sound failures... Etc. The important thing, more than a high-end or state-of-the-art device to connect to the internet, is a good internet speed, something that with wifi and PLC repeaters is difficult to achieve. If when we are several connected we ask other users not to use bandwidth in applications that demand it, such as YouTube or Netflix we will be in a case of lack of bandwidth. Until now these situations were blamed on the "no connection provided by the company" but in homes where there is a fiber optic connection of 300 or 600 Mbps the problem is in the home network itself.
The metaphor of the source: Connectivity at home
Homes in many cases, not to say most, have only one internet access point at full speed that is located on the router. We have to think about our internet connection, it's like a water intake. There is a single water intake for each house, this point is like a central source for the whole house. To move that connectivity effectively to the whole home there are different solutions of which the most popular is le wifi. The wifi acts as a garden sprinkler: It takes some water to a radius of a few meters but can not carry the jet with all its pressure. That's why when we want high-reliability internet we keep running through the wire. Wiring is and will remain in the future the most reliable and stable way to have good guaranteed bandwidth.
And this is the problem that more and more homes are identifying every day: the absence of a wired network of data in the house. A very real need that can become very expensive. That's where Plastic Optic Fiber is settling as the practical, fast and clean solution to this entuerto by not requiring the realization of works.
What will the law of telework look like?
Right now lawmakers are already drafting bills for a more or less close embossing in the laws of the country. This will create new connectivity needs that will accelerate the digitization of work in our homes.
Remote work should be voluntary. The law understands telework as a "right of the voluntary person" and "cannot be imposed on the working person by any means, even by which in our labour regulations allow the modification of working conditions with justifiable cause and specific procedure".
It is established that the company and the worker must agree and leave in writing the details of the routines. The draft stipulates that a flexible schedule may be negotiated, although the company may establish availability ranges.
Companies will have to offset the costs of working at home
People who work remotely will be entitled to the provision of all the means, equipment and tools necessary for the development of the activity." As provided for in the draft law, the worker shall be entitled to full compensation for expenses.
" The development of remote work shall be fully borne by the undertaking, and may not imply, in any case, the assumption by the worker of expenses, direct or indirect, related to the equipment, tools and means linked to the development of his workactivity".
Lawyers, trade unions and labour law experts take for the fact that it is the companies that must make compensation for the expenses arising from performing the work activity from home. However, once there is a legal framework laying down the rules, the specific conditions should be laid between the employer and the worker. In Spain companies such as BBVA or Repsol already have it established in their agreements. The first sets a compensation of 50 euros per month and the second has a cap of three working days.